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[7] He celebrated Mass in the presence of various political and religious leaders from around the world. [298], Pope Francis has admitted that the Church "arrived late" in dealing with sexual abuse cases. [35] Bergoglio studied at the archdiocesan seminary, Inmaculada Concepción Seminary, in Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, and, after three years, entered the Society of Jesus as a novice on 11 March 1958. [75], At the consistory of 21 February 2001, Archbishop Bergoglio was created a cardinal by Pope John Paul II with the title of cardinal priest of San Roberto Bellarmino, a church served by Jesuits and named for one; he was formally installed in that church the following 14 October. [205] Lay experts and clerics were looking into how the bank was run. A… Austen Ivereigh (born March 25, 1966) is a UK-based Roman Catholic journalist, author, commentator and biographer of Pope Francis. In the National Catholic Reporter, John L. Allen Jr. reported that Bergoglio was a frontrunner in the 2005 conclave. He changed history. [327] In September 2020, Pompeo urged Pope Francis to stand against China's human rights violations. The Holy Doors of the major basilicas of Rome (including the Great Door of St. Peter's) were opened, and special "Doors of Mercy" were opened at cathedrals and other major churches around the world, where the faithful can earn indulgences by fulfilling the usual conditions of prayer for the Pope's intentions, confession, and detachment from sin, and communion. [163][164] Bergoglio had previously expressed his admiration for St. Francis, explaining that "He brought to Christianity an idea of poverty against the luxury, pride, vanity of the civil and ecclesiastical powers of the time. However, due to the Pope's popularity in Argentina, Cristina Kirchner made what the political analyst Claudio Fantini called a "Copernican shift" in her relations with him and fully embraced the Francis phenomenon. The photo was taken at the church "Pequeña Obra de la Divina Providencia Don Orione" in 1990, not during the Dirty War, and after Videla's presidential pardon. "[136] On the night of his election, he took a bus back to his hotel with the cardinals, rather than be driven in the papal car. The consistory was also noteworthy for the fact that Francis named the papal almoner Konrad Krajewski as a cardinal, marking the consistory the first occasion where the almoner was made a cardinal. On the coins it would read, "Tribute from the Argentine People to Pope Francis." "[165], This is the first time that a pope has been named Francis. Francis maintains the traditional views of the Church regarding abortion, clerical celibacy, and the ordination of women, but has initiated dialogue on the possibility of deaconesses and has made women full members of dicasteries in the Roman curia. [348] Protests against his visit resulted in an alleged arson attempt at the Dormition Abbey. He broke records after having gained over one million followers in under twelve hours of the account being up. When he traveled to Rome for the ceremony, he and his sister María Elena visited the village in northern Italy where their father was born. Updates? [57] From then on, he did not visit Jesuit houses and was in "virtual estrangement from the Jesuits" until after his election as pope. (Church tradition held that women could not participate in the ceremony because the Apostles were men.) At present, there is a strong group opposing Francis’ church: laypeople, theologians, bishops and cardinals who would like him to resign or promptly disappear from the scene while they wait for a new conclave to change the current direction of the church. At the time of their elevation to that rank, 16 of these new cardinals were under eighty years of age and thus eligible to vote in a papal conclave. De la Rúa asked the Church to promote a dialogue between the leaders of economic and political sectors to find a solution for the crisis. [180][181], On 31 March 2013, Francis used his first Easter homily to make a plea for peace throughout the world, specifically mentioning the Middle East, Africa, and North and South Korea. [343] En route to the United States for a visit in September 2015, the pope stopped in Cuba. Following the killing of George Floyd, Francis said in a message … – Pope Francis, who was born in Argentina, is the first pope to have come from the Americas. He chose the name Francis to honor St. Francis of Assisi.. Francis is the first Jesuit pope. Although Francis spoke sympathetically of women’s rights and acknowledged women’s historic role in the church, he did not endorse the ordination of women as priests. [82], After Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005, Bergoglio attended his funeral and was considered one of the papabile for succession to the papacy. He went on to say: “It is true that general rules set forth a good which can never be disregarded or neglected, but in their formulation they cannot provide absolutely for all particular situations.”[307], Four cardinals (Raymond Leo Burke, Carlo Caffarra, Walter Brandmüller, and Joachim Meisner) formally asked Pope Francis for clarifications, particularly on the issue of giving communion to divorced and civilly remarried Catholics. [19][20] His niece, Cristina Bergoglio, is a painter based in Madrid, Spain. [270] The pontiff reacted with displeasure on 13 March 2020, at the news that the Vicar General had closed all churches in the Diocese of Rome. Before blessing the crowd, he asked those in St. Peter's Square to pray for his predecessor, "the bishop emeritus of Rome" Pope Benedict XVI, and for himself as the new "bishop of Rome". He was the first pope from the Western Hemisphere, the first from South America, and the first from the Jesuit order. Contribute. – In addition to his native Spanish, Bergoglio speaks … [132] But Bergoglio had come in second to Cardinal Ratzinger on all the ballots in the 2005 conclave, appearing as the only other viable candidate. During this trip, American-based AP and British-based Reuters highlighted the religious aspect of the pope's journey while Prensa Latina, the official state media agency, depicted it as a diplomatic visit. If a person is gay and seeks God and has good will, who am I to judge? Bergoglio was a particularly vocal critic of Fernández’s social initiatives, including the legalization of same-sex marriage in 2010. ", "Bergoglio: la verdadera historia del Papa Francisco y la dictadura de Videla", "The fake viral photo of pope Francis: who is the priest that gives the communion to Videla", "El mensaje de la Iglesia era para Kirchner", "Suspendió la Iglesia el tedeum en la Capital", "Jorge Bergoglio y los Kirchner: años de una relación tensa", "Cristina Fernández de Kirchner turns Pope Francis from foe to friend", "Pope's diplomacy put to test as leaders flock to Rome", "Making nice? [147], Bergoglio was elected pope on 13 March 2013,[7][148][149] the second day of the 2013 papal conclave, taking the papal name Francis. [339], In 2017, Dutch politician Lilianne Ploumen was appointed as Dame Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great. Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, who was appointed by Pope Benedict XVI in 2011, has long been known as a theological and political conservative, often at odds with Pope Francis. He said: "While we venerate the martyrs of Otranto, ask God to support the many Christians who still suffer from violence and give them the courage and fate and respond to evil with goodness. [65][66][67] That same year, Bergoglio said the Argentine Catholic Church needed "to put on garments of public penance for the sins committed during the years of the dictatorship" in the 1970s, during the Dirty War. [257] This action took the number of cardinal electors appointed by Francis to the College of Cardinals to about 70 out of nearly 130.[256]. DID YOU KNOW? He served as the master of novices for the province there and became a professor of theology. [264][265], During the COVID-19 pandemic, Francis canceled his regular general audiences at St. Peter's Square to prevent crowds from gathering and spreading the virus, which seriously affected Italy. [45] He served at San Miguel for six years until 1986[7] when, at the discretion of Jesuit superior-general Peter Hans Kolvenbach, he was replaced by someone more in tune with the worldwide trend in the Society of Jesus toward emphasizing social justice, rather than his emphasis on popular religiosity and direct pastoral work. He counters contemporary versions of the gnostic and Pelagian heresies and describes how Jesus' beatitudes call people to "go against the flow". [95] Her complaint did not specify how Bergoglio was involved; Bergoglio's spokesman flatly denied the allegations. He went on to place a statue in St. Peter's Square to bring attention to the Christian imperative involved in their situation (Hebrews 13:2). His theological conservatism, however, set him at odds with the centre-left administrations of Pres. Others accepted Bergoglio’s claim that he covertly interceded with the regime to secure their eventual release. After graduation he taught literature and psychology in high school while pursuing a degree in theology. [155], After being elected and choosing his name, his first act was bestowing the Urbi et Orbi blessing on thousands of pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square. [377] In December 2016, Francis yet made Forbes's list of "The World's Most Powerful People", ranking fifth. Sharing the screenshot, Margot wrote, “uhhh the pope liked my picture?”. [199], In the first months of Francis's papacy, the Institute for the Works of Religion, informally known as the Vatican Bank, said that it would become more transparent in its financial dealings[200] There had long been allegations of corruption and money laundering connected with the bank. [43] After the completion of his term of office, in 1980 he was named the rector of the Philosophical and Theological Faculty of San Miguel where he had studied. [320] On 8 February 2019 Bishop Athanasius Schneider released a document entitled "The Gift of Filial Adoption, the Christian Faith: the only valid and the only God-willed religion". Although views about Francis personally were favorable, many Catholics disagreed with at least some of his teachings. [102] Bergoglio also told Rubin that he had often sheltered people from the dictatorship on church property, and once gave his own identity papers to a man who looked like him, so he could flee Argentina. [255], On 1 September 2019, following his weekly Sunday Angelus address, Francis unexpectedly announced the appointment of 13 new cardinals. [353], On 6 June 2015, Pope Francis visited Sarajevo, the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He is credited with having a less formal approach to the papacy than his predecessors, for instance choosing to reside in the Domus Sanctae Marthae guesthouse rather than in the papal apartments of the Apostolic Palace used by previous popes. [91][92] At the same time, Bergoglio ordered an investigation into the murders themselves, which had been widely blamed on the National Reorganization Process, the military junta that ruled Argentina at the time. [220][221], On 4 October 2020 on the feast of St. Francis of Assisi, Pope Francis published the encyclical Fratelli tutti on fraternity and social friendship, using St. Francis' own words to describe our universal brotherhood and sisterhood.[222]. In February 2016 he and Kirill I, patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, held the first-ever meeting between the leaders of the Roman Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches. [372], In December 2013, both Time and The Advocate magazines named the Pontiff as their "Person of the Year" in praise and hopes of reforming the Roman Curia while hoping to change the Catholic Church's doctrine on various controversial issues. The Pope's demand came as a response to Festing and Cardinal Raymond Leo Burke firing Baron Albrecht von Boeselager from his position in the Order of Malta. Grassi has been restricted from exercising any public ministry but has not been laicized. In January 2014 the United Nations (UN) Commission on the Rights of the Child recommended that the Vatican adopt procedures for the mandatory reporting of suspected child abusers to law-enforcement authorities but was rebuffed later that year on jurisdictional grounds. [369][370][371] Media systems differ, too, not only in their coverage of Francis's stances but also in how individual events are portrayed. "[314], In July 2017 a group of conservative clergy, academics and laymen signed a document labeled as a "Filial Correction" of Pope Francis. [338] Pope Francis has sought peace in the crisis without picking a side. This joint statement is concerned with how different faiths can live peaceably in the same world and areas. We have no information regarding the Pope’s personal life which has been the major curiosity among the public. Formerly, capital punishment was permitted when it was seen as the only means of defending human lives against an unjust aggressor. In 2019 Francis' apostolic constitution Episcopalis communio allowed that the final document of a synod may become magisterial teaching simply with papal approval. With his April 2015 papal bull of indiction, Misericordiae Vultus (Latin: "The Face of Mercy"), Francis inaugurated a Special Jubilee Year of Mercy, to run from 8 December 2015, Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, to the last Sunday before Advent and the Solemnity of the Feast of Christ the King of the Universe on 20 November 2016. [34] While head of the Argentine Catholic bishops' conference, Bergoglio issued a collective apology for his church's failure to protect people from the Junta during the Dirty War. Nunzio Scarano", "Monsignor Scarano: Vatican forwards request to Italy", "Pope replaces cardinals serving on Vatican bank oversight commission", "12 months a pope: Francis's report card after a year at the top", "Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium of the Holy Father Francis to the Bishops, Clergy, Consecrated Persons and the Lay Faithful on the Proclamation of the Gospel in Today's World", "Four cardinals openly challenge Francis over 'Amoris Laetitia, Pope Francis reforms Church law in marital nullity trials, Pope revamps ecclesiastical universities in new apostolic constitution, "Pope Francis Signs Motu Proprio to Prevent and Denounce Abuses in the Catholic Church", "New Apostolic Letter highlights St Jerome's love of Scripture", "Pope releases apostolic letter on Sacred Scripture", "Pope's New Encyclical 'Fratelli Tutti' Outlines Vision for a Better World", "Pope abolishes honorary title of monsignor for diocesan priests under the age of 65", "L'addio di papa Ratzinger: "Lascio per il bene della Chiesa". [139][168] In February 2014, it was reported that Bergoglio, had he been elected in 2005, would have chosen the pontifical name of "John XXIV" in honor of Pope John XXIII. "[337] In January 2019, 20 former presidents in Latin America wrote a letter to Pope Francis criticizing his Christmas address regarding the ongoing Venezuelan crisis for being too simplistic and for not acknowledging what they believed to be the causes of the suffering of the victims of the crisis. [179], On the first Holy Thursday following his election, Francis washed and kissed the feet of ten male and two female juvenile offenders, not all Catholic, aged from 14 to 21, imprisoned at Rome's Casal del Marmo detention facility, telling them the ritual of foot washing is a sign that he is at their service. "[273], In Evangelii gaudium Pope Francis revealed what would be the emphases of his pontificate: a missionary impulse among all Catholics, sharing the faith more actively, avoiding worldliness and more visibly living the gospel of God's mercy, and helping the poor and working for social justice. However, he was to return to Argentina prematurely to serve as a confessor and spiritual director to the Jesuit community in Córdoba. Pope Francis continued in the tradition of the Second Vatican Council and of the papacies since the Council in dialoguing and cooperating with leaders of other Christian faiths and of other religions, and with those claiming no religious belief. [322] Nevertheless, Pope Francis remained hostile to right-wing populism. [254] The pope continued the practice of naming the Vicar of Rome and a curial prefect as cardinals, while naming his substitute for the Secretariat of State in anticipation of his transferral to a curial department. [340] Ploumen, who has been involved in promoting legislation supporting the legalization of abortion, stated that she believed the honor was given to her in the context of the Dutch state visit to the Vatican in June 2017 in her capacity as Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation. [121] Kirchner considered Bergoglio as a political rival to the day he died in October 2010. [313] Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, one of the authors of the dubia, maintains that after Amoris laetitia "only a blind man could deny there's great confusion, uncertainty and insecurity in the Church. [180] One of the male and one of the female prisoners were Muslim. [328], In November 2020, Francis named China's Uyghur minority among a list of the world's persecuted peoples. Omissions? "Haley Cohen, "Slum Priest: Pope Francis' Early Year", "U.N. should encourage redistribution of wealth, pope says", "John Allen, "Former aide says Francis may close Vatican Bank, "Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Profession: Servant of the Servants of God", "Acusado de tener vínculos con la dictadura; la derecha lo defiende", "Pope to hold major Holy Week service in youth jail", "Elige Sus Nuevas Autoridades La Conferencia Episcopal", "El cardenal Bergoglio fue reelegido frente a la Conferencia Episcopal", "Vatican defends Pope Francis' actions during Argentina's 'Dirty War, "Bergoglio presenta su renuncia como arzobispo de Buenos Aires, aunque seguirá en el cargo", "X Ordinary General Assembly (30 September – 27 October 2001)", "Synodus Episcoporum Bulletin 30 September – 27 October 2001", "Profile: New pope, Jesuit Bergoglio, was runner-up in 2005 conclave", "What I would have said at the Consistory", "Saint Therese of Lisieux – "Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway" Blog – Pope Francis and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: "To depend solely on the tenderness of God, "Argentine Cardinal Named in Kidnap Lawsuit", "Cardinal breaks conclave vow of secrecy", "Article based on diary says German cardinal became pope with 84 votes", "Ecco come andò davvero il Conclave del 2005", "One of Pope Francis' allegiances might tell us something about the church's future", "Francisco: 'El verdadero poder es el servicio, "Sainthood effort for 5 slain recalls Argentine 'dirty war. Help us build our profile of Pope Francis! [305], On a theological level, controversy arose after the publication of the apostolic exhortation Amoris laetitia, especially regarding whether the exhortation had changed the Catholic Church's sacramental discipline concerning access to the sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist for divorced couples who have civilly remarried. Nobody mentioned him as instigator or as anything. ...[It] cannot be by any way considered an endorsement to the pro-abortion and birth control politics advocated by Mrs. [171] On 6 April he named José Rodríguez Carballo as secretary for the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, a position that had been vacant for several months. Since 2018, he has been a heavily vocal opponent of neo-nationalism. Bergoglio asked for an interview with Puerta, and had a positive impression of him. Francis issued another titled Maiorem hac dilectionem which created a new path towards canonization for certain causes. [382][e], On 19 March 2016, Francis became the first pope to create an Instagram account. [356], In January 2017, Pope Francis demanded the resignation of Matthew Festing, the 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. [406], Pope Francis: A Man of His Word is a documentary film with Swiss-Italian-French-German co-production, co-written and directed by Wim Wenders. When Francis was archbishop of Buenos Aires, he authored a text entitled "Dialogues Between John Paul II and Fidel Castro". [17][18] Two great-nephews, Antonio and Joseph, died in a traffic collision. [52][53], Bergoglio was asked in 1992 by Jesuit authorities not to reside in Jesuit houses, because of continued tensions with Jesuit leaders and scholars, a sense of Bergoglio's "dissent," views of his Catholic orthodoxy and his opposition to theology of liberation, and his work as auxiliary bishop of Buenos Aires. [309] The exhortation has been implemented in different ways by various bishops around the world. Pope Francis has not publicly replied. He chose Francis as his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. [243][244][245] The pope has approved beatifications for a range of men and women including the likes of Álvaro del Portillo of Opus Dei (27 September 2014), the martyred archbishop Óscar Romero (23 May 2015) and several large groups of Spanish martyrs. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Holy Father is among the other honorifics used for popes. The family is threatened by growing efforts on the part of some to redefine the very institution of marriage. [79][90] He sometimes made appearances at the annual gathering known as the Rimini Meeting held during the late summer months in Italy. [113] The photo was soon proved to be false. [133] "[183] Although the Vatican had prepared greetings in 65 languages, Francis chose not to read them. In April 2016 Francis issued his second exhortation, Amoris laetitia (“The Joy of Love”), a wide-ranging pronouncement on family issues. Bergoglio was the son of Italian immigrants to Argentina. He urged peace during his time in the religiously diverse city, known as the "Jerusalem of Europe". ...In the face of suffering, where the true development of our peoples is measured, we discover and experience the priestly prayer of Jesus: 'may all be one'. [12][13][14] Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. He earned B.A. [49][c] As a student at the Salesian school, Bergoglio was mentored by Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest Stefan Czmil. The author of the book is the late Paulo Freire and Pope Francis has made a point of visiting with Freire’s widow. Upon Quarracino's death on 28 February 1998, Bergoglio became metropolitan archbishop of Buenos Aires. [260][261] During Lent of that year, special 24-hour penance services will be celebrated, and during the year, special qualified and experienced priests called "Missionaries of Mercy" will be available in every diocese to forgive even severe, special-case sins normally reserved to the Holy See's Apostolic Penitentiary. [203] Because of this affair the Promoter of Justice at the Vatican Tribunal applied a letter rogatory for the first time in the history of the Republic of Italy at the beginning of August 2013. John Paul I [1978] was the first pope to use the numeral during his reign.). Puerta told him that the Justicialist party was not plotting to oust De la Rúa, and promised to help the president promote the laws that may be required. The 266th and the current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis is known the world over for his great humility and approachability., Archdiocese of Washington - Biography of Pope Francis, Francis I - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Francis soon became noted for making statements that similarly conveyed an openness to different perspectives on Catholic doctrine, particularly regarding social issues and sexual ethics. [211] On 8 April 2016, Pope Francis published his second apostolic exhortation, Amoris laetitia,[212] remarking on love within the family. What we have to create is a civil union law. [253], Francis presided over his fifth consistory for the elevation of 14 new cardinals on 28 June 2018. Music Album with His Words and Prayers", "Battle of the Pope Francis Biopics Begins With Two Films Shooting in Buenos Aires", "Film Review: 'Pope Francis: A Man of His Word, "The Spiritual Nearness of Wim Wenders's "Pope Francis: Man of His Word, "Francis becomes 1st pope to endorse same-sex civil unions", Vatican Web site: Official biography of Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Study Commission on the Women's Diaconate, Master of Pontifical Liturgical Celebrations, Pope Francis: Conversations with Jorge Bergoglio: His Life in His Own Words, Fine Arts and Letters of the Virtuosi al Pantheon, Pontifical Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Institute of the Theology of the Consecrated Life Claretianum, John Paul II Pontifical Theological Institute for Marriage and Family Sciences, Pontifical Theological Faculty Teresianum, Territorial Abbey and Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Polsi, Cerreto Sannita-Telese-Sant'Agata dei Goti, Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi-Conza-Nusco-Bisaccia, Territorial Abbey of La Trinità Cava De'Tirreni, Territorial Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore, Territorial Abbacy of Santa Maria of Grottaferrata, Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Italy, Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola, International Association of Jesuit Universities, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, Permanent Observer to the Council of Europe, Palace of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Palace of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Conference of the Latin Bishops of the Arab Regions, Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution, Dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary, Prayer of Consecration to the Sacred Heart, Persecutions of the Catholic Church and Pius XII, Pope Pius XII Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Dogma of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, International Alliance of Catholic Knights,, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected biographies of living people, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mario José Bergoglio and Regina María Sívori. 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